Transverse Myelitis — a Review of the Presentation, Diagnosis, and Initial Management

Abstract: Myelitis is a rare neurological disorder of the spinal cord that is caused by inflammation and can have devastating neurologic effects with up to two-thirds of patients having a moderate to severe degree of residual disability. Symptoms typically develop over hours or days and then worsen over a matter of days to weeks. Patients can present with sensory alteration, weakness, and autonomic dysfunction including bowel and bladder problems, temperature dysregulation, or even bouts of hypertension. Evaluation for compressive etiologies must be a priority as compressive myelopathy and transverse myelitis are…

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