News 

Phase 1 trial of first Ebola vaccine based on 2014 virus strain shows vaccine is safe and provokes an immune response

Results from the first phase 1 trial of an Ebola vaccine based on the current (2014) strain of the virus are today published in The Lancet. Until now, all tested Ebola virus vaccines have been based on the virus strain from the Zaire outbreak in 1976. The results suggest that the new vaccine is safe, and provokes an immune response in recipients, although further long-term testing will be needed to establish whether it can protect against the Ebola virus. A team of researchers, led by Professor Fengcai Zhu, from the Jiangsu…

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Epileptic seizure: urgent action

Find out what to do if a patient experiences an epileptic seizure in our step-by-step guide. Source: Science Photo Library An electroencephalogram (EEG) detects electrical impulses in the scalp to assess brain activity. It is used to diagnose epilepsy (and differentiate between different types), although patients with epilepsy may have a normal EEG result Jane Edwards, 49, is taken ill in the prescription waiting area of the pharmacy. Her husband informs you that she is having a seizure. The patient is conscious and making a low grunting noise. Her head…

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Breast biopsy accuracy is questioned in experimental study

Here’s another reason for getting a second medical opinion: Biopsy specialists frequently misdiagnose breast tissue, potentially leading to too-aggressive treatment for some women and under-treatment for others, a study suggests. The results indicate that pathologists are very good at determining when invasive cancer is present in breast tissue, but less adept at making the right diagnosis with less serious conditions or when biopsied tissue is normal. The study involved 115 U.S. pathologists and 240 breast biopsy specimens. Their diagnoses were matched against those of three experts. It was an experiment…

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Drugs and Supplements News 

Tests of Cholesterol Drugs Offer Hope of Reducing Heart Attacks and Strokes

A new class of experimental cholesterol drugs might sharply reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes, researchers reported on Sunday, citing what they described as preliminary evidence. The drugs, one being developed by Amgen and the other by Sanofi andRegeneron Pharmaceuticals, are already known to sharply reduce so-called bad cholesterol, sometimes to levels lower than those achieved by statins like Lipitor, the mainstay lipid-lowering medicines. What has not been known, however, is whether the drugs do what patients and doctors really care about: protect against heart attacks, strokes and other cardiovascular problems or “events.” The early…

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Vegetarians who eat fish could be greatly reducing their risk of colon cancer

Dropping red meat, and sticking to a plant-based diet that incorporates fish may be the key to preventing colorectal (colon and rectum) cancers, according to a seven-year study published Monday. Pescetarians, as they are commonly referred, had a 43% lower chance of getting the cancer compared to people with omnivorous diets. Why focus on colorectal cancer? It is the third most diagnosed cancer, and the third leading cause of cancer-related death in the US in 2014, according to American Cancer Society statistics. The disease is particularly dangerous because it is…

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Ghana Health News News 

Ghana Aids Commission needs $44m for antiretroviral drugs

The Ghana Aids Commission needs about 7 million dollars by the end of March 2015, to re-stock medicines lost to the central medical stores fire incident. The commission says it lost 44 million dollars to the fire.The commission says it lost antiretroviral drugs, condoms and other logistics to the fire that occurred in January this year. In the interim, the commission will need about 7 million dollars to re-stock its stores. It will also need the remaining 39 million dollars to re-stock all that it lost to the fireGhana’s HIV…

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